For legal reasons Sun’s Java is not included with Fedora 7 yet. However, with a bit of effort you can install it in a sane way.
The stress is on “a sane way” because the different Java versions could interfere with each other. Also, if you do it the wrong way, your java might be upgraded to the new, Fedora own version gcj.
However, before you start you should be sure that you really need Sun’s Java: read the Java FAQ from the Fedora project and also the information about the current state of OpenJDK on Fedora.
Also, first look at the Current Issues mentioned below before you start following this Howto!
Download and Install
Here are the steps you have to do:
Prepare your system by installing necessary build tools (yes, you do have to compile stuff, unfortunately):
yum -y install rpmdevtools. Also, make sure the package
jpackage-utils is installed, which should be default.
Afterwards, download the latest
java-1.x.0-sun-1.x.0.x-1jpp.nosrc.rpm package from the non-free branch at jpackage. In this case I took the 1.5.0 file.
It is a source rpm file, therefore it will install itself into
/usr/src/redhat/... if installed as root, or into the local package build environment if installed as user.
Afterwards, check the given spec file
java-1.x.0-sun.spec which is in
.../SPECS or similar but in your home directory. Again, in my case it was a 1.5.0 file.
Now you have to download the appropriate java bin file from Sun – and this can be a bit tricky. In the worst case check the mentioned spec file for any link (search for the string http) – in my case I found the needed binary here.
Take the SDK and download the binary, not the self extracting RPM, to the
.../SOURCES directory. Make also sure that the minor numbers of the binary are ok with the numbers given in the spec file: in my case the binary had the minor version 1.5.0-12, while the spec file defined the
buildver 11. Correct this if needed.
Afterwards, recreate the java rpm:
rpmbuild -ba java-1.x.0-sun.spec. You should find your new java binary in
.../RPMS/i586. If they are not there, something went wrong, and you should hurry over to the next Fedora specialized forum.
However, if it did work, you can now install them. There might be some dependencies, solve this by using yum:
yum --nogpgcheck localinstall java*.rpm
You need the no-gpg option here because your local created rpms are not signed, of course.
Configure your system
After the install your basic system should already be configured:
$ java -version java version "1.5.0_12" Java(TM) 2 Runtime Environment, Standard Edition (build 1.5.0_12-b04) Java HotSpot(TM) Client VM (build 1.5.0_12-b04, mixed mode)
If this did not happen for any reason, change the default java system to Sun’s:
/usr/sbin/alternatives --config java
You also might want to install the Firefox/Mozilla plugin:
ln -s /usr/lib/jvm/java-1.5.0-sun-126.96.36.199/jre/plugin/i386/ns7/libjavaplugin_oji.so /usr/lib/mozilla/plugins/libjavaplugin_oji.so
This way has one current issue: the spec file calls the mkfontdir executable at the wrong place, resulting in an error during install of the java-fonts package. However, patching a spec file would go beyond this short point&click howto (although it is already a bit beyond that).
For a working Java Web Start look at this posting. You might also want to have a look at the much shorter version of the pure Java post here by Avi Alkalay posted in the comments. However, no guarantee that it works.